Images of the ongoing programme of work to eradicate Rhododendron on Fairburn Estate.
Forestry, Timber and Wood Fuel
Fairburn Estate has a wide variety of woodlands on both the low ground and the higher ground totalling some 1000 hectares, of which some 360 hectares are commercial conifer plantations. On the lower ground we have mainly native species (alder, willow, birch, rowan and oak) growing on the banks of the River Conon and River Orrin. We also have mature woods on the low ground with elm, oak, beech and sycamore, many of which are over 200 years old. We have commercial conifer plantations, which are harvested every 30 to 70 years and then replanted. We have one of the larger collections of trees in Scotland in our Pinetum and Arboretum, which are located on the North Bank of the River Orrin. Many of the trees are named. We have just started a programme to remove all rhododendron (ponticum) from Fairburn, although we intend to keep the hybrids as they are of no threat to the environment and are magnificent in bloom.
Most of the low ground, from Fairburn House East, is classified as Historic Designed Landscape. There are avenues of trees along the roads together with beech hedges. Most of these will have been planted when Fairburn House was built in the 1870's, although some will have been planted earlier.
There are also mature woodlands and sporting coverts that have been planted over the years for landscaping, recreational and sporting use. Game shooting has been a popular activity for well over 150 years and continues today. We have also planted a substantial area of farmland with new native woodlands, with the aim of improving habitat for wildlife in the longer term.
The trees growing beside the River Conon and the lower reaches of the River Orrin are mainly protected as they have been designated Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) by Scottish National Heritage. The alder, birch and willow trees form the heart of these woodlands, which have been growing naturally here to many hundreds of years and form an example of an alluvial forest system which is now rarely seen in Europe. The riverbank can be walked for much of its course along the River Conon (see fishing page for map), although care should be taken during the shooting season. The River Orrin banks can be walked along the North and South banks from Aultgowrie to the area of Fairburn House.
For more information about access and walking, please visit: www.outdooraccess-scotland.com
Commercial Conifer Plantations
We currently manage some 360 hectares of commercial forestry, which is managed on a professional basis. The trees are planted in fenced off areas that do not allow access to deer, so that they can grow unhindered by damage. Normally a plantation will be harvestable within 30 to 70 years of planting and so the landscape of the commercial forestry is constantly changing. We have a rolling 10 year management plan in place with input from all the relevant agencies. These plantations are fenced and gated specifically to keep deer out. When a wood, or plantation matures, we allow deer into selected areas so that they have shelter in the winter months. The primary species grown for commercial forestry is Scots Pine, with the secondary species being Sitka Spruce, larches and Douglas Fir. If you would like to know more about our commercial forestry operations, please get in touch.
Fairburn Pinetum and Arboretum
This highly regarded collection of trees can be seen easily by walking the North bank of the River Orrin from Orrin Lodge, Aultgowrie to Fairburn House. There is a circular route to take you back to Aultgowrie by crossing the Sawmill Bridge to the south of Fairburn House, connecting you to the Hydro tarred road.
There are many estates in Scotland that have been infested by ponticum rhododendrons for over 100 years, and in some areas over 200 years. It was most probably introduced at Fairburn for the purpose of providing fast growing game cover and it has been a regular activity since the First World War to try to control it. The plant is invasive. It destroys the native habitat and grows and spreads with ruthless efficiency.
The plant, we think, originates from Southern Europe (Spain and Portugal) and invades by root and seed. It has been particularly offensive on the banks of the River Orrin and we have cleared over 2 miles in the last 3 years, so improving the habitat for salmon and trout.
Ponticum is a killer. It is a toxic plant, which can kill herbivores and can also kill humans. The Dormouse is probably the most affected animal in the UK, now an endangered species, with much of its habitat destroyed by this plant. Cases of human poisoning have been recorded by the consumption of honey produced by Rhododendron flowers. This is known as Mad Honey Disease or Honey Intoxication, which has been recorded as far back as 400 BC. Death is not common but the severity depends on the quantity consumed. It is therefore important for beekeepers to avoid such areas. Luckily we have large areas available to our local beekeepers, which are remote from these plants.
We are committed to removing ponticums from Fairburn and we are working with various organisations to destroy all plants by 2025. Realistically we expect to remove it within the next five years.
We have hosted a number of demonstrations to show how to destroy the plant including injection with glyphosate, chain saws, spraying and lever and mulch. All methods have their benefits, depending on the terrain, so please contact us for more information.
Timber and Wood Fuel
We process any timber that falls, especially hard woods. We selectively fell hard woods that are dangerous or need to be thinned. We also remove non-native species of trees on a regular basis to help return our woodlands to native woodlands.
As a result, we have timber available on occasions and we offer the timber fore sale throughout the country and locally. We also mill wood ourselves for our own use on the estate and this can be made available to interested parties.
We process all timbers and so we have firewood for sale, if available, and we can also provide wood chips for garden use or for wood burning use.
If you are interested in any timber or wood fuel please contact Peter Hingston at:
FAIRBURN ESTATE, Fairburn Estates Office, Urray, Muir of Ord, Ross-shire IV6 7UT. • Tel 01997-433273. Fax: 01997-433274